Umberto Eco was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher and university professor. His first novel, The Name of the Rose (1982), was a huge bestseller that brought him worldwide acclaim. With his subsequent works of fiction, philosophy, literary criticism and semiotics, he was recognised as one of Europe's finest thinkers. He was President of the Scuola Superiore di Studi Humanistici at the University of Bologna, and an Honorary Fellow of Kellogg College, Oxford. He died in 2016.